Result of two big power clashes led to the division of Korean peninsula

Division of Korean peninsula is the prominent example of it, North and South Korea have been divided for more than 70 years, ever for the Korean Peninsula became a surprising loss of the escalating Cold War within two rival superpowers that is the Soviet Union and the United States.

Korea:Sometimes when two big powers conflict between themselves, others have to pay for a long time as it is rightly said that history remembers us for that. 

Division of Korean peninsula is the prominent example of it, North and South Korea have been divided for more than 70 years, ever for the Korean Peninsula became a surprising loss of the escalating Cold War within two rival superpowers that is the Soviet Union and the United States.

There was a time when Korea peninsula was unified, which was ruled by many generations of dynastic kingdoms.

 Unified Korea Occupied by Japan after the Russo-Japanese War in 1905 and formally joined five years later, Korea scraped under Japanese colonial rule for 35 years—until the end of World War II.

The United States and the Soviet Union admitted provisionally to separate Korea at the 38th parallel of latitude north of the equator. 

This division resulted in the creation of two countries: communist North Korea, which was supported by the Soviets and South Korea is backed by the United States. 

Michael Robinson, prof emeritus of East Asian Studies and History at Indiana University stated that the catalyzing event is the decision that was made really without the Koreans concern it was an exclusive deal between the Soviet Union and the United States to divide Korea into two occupation zones. 

Although after division there were efforts made by the communist leader of North Korea, Kim second sung to reunified Korea under its regime, for that he launched a surprise invasion of South Korea, on 25 June 1950.

 The U.S. thought that it is backed by the Soviet Union, U.S. President Harry Truman and his advisers served through on their policy of containment, refusing to allow communism to spread anywhere in the world.

 Just in two days of the invasion, the U.S. had urged the United Nations Security Council to declare support for South Korea. An American-led U.N. coalition deployed to South Korea.

 

By August, North Korean armies had swept across almost all of South Korea; American forces held only a small guarded perimeter in some country’s southeast, near Busan. 

In September, however, under the direction of General Douglas MacArthur, the United States started a bold counter-offensive that included a bold amphibious landing in the area held by North Korean forces at Inchon, on South Korea’s western coast. Soon, U.S. forces drove the North Koreans back to the border at the 38th parallel.

 Korean War of 1950 to 1953, who killed at least 2.5 million people did little to resolve the question of which regime designated the “true” Korea.

The heavily outfitted two-and-a-half-mile wide DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) dividing North and South Korea exists to this day.

About 36,500 American fighters died in the war, as well as hundreds of thousands of soldiers and commoners from North Korea, South Korea, and coalition forces.

 It did, though, firmly establish the United States as the permanent bête noire of North Korea, as the U.S military bombed villages, towns and cities across the northern half of the peninsula.

In Korea, the United States showed its continuing commitment to critical elements of its Cold War strategy. It confirmed its global leadership by committing its resources and soldiers in the fight against the expanse of communism.

 The United States also confirmed its dedication to a foreign policy based on collective security by mobilizing other nations to support its position both politically and militarily.

In Korea, the United States showed the ideals expressed in the Truman Doctrine, which promised assistance for the “free peoples of the globe” who wanted to keep the communist attack at bay. Although the war ended where it started, the United States and its partners did succeed in preventing communism from overtaking South Korea.

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