USA: Alaska, which was earlier the part of Russia but as the world geography was changing with the time, the destiny of Alaska also changed.
On March 30 1867, the U.S. took ownership of Alaska after buying it from Russia, adding 586,412 square miles to its region. Secretary of State William Seward immediately took up a restored Russian offer agreed to a proposal from Russian Minister within Washington, Edouard de Stoeckl, to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million.
But at the time Alaska was primarily abandoned and viewed relatively useless, for that there was vast criticism of contemporaneous President Andrew Johnson in the U.S.
As three decades after its buying, the United States paid little attention to Alaska, which was ruled under military, naval, or Treasury rule or, at times, no visible control at all.
Exploring a way to impose U.S. mining laws, the United States created a civil government in 1884. Sceptics had dubbed the gain of Alaska “Seward’s Folly.” Still, the former Secretary of State was supported when a significant gold deposit was discovered in the Yukon in 1896, and Alaska became the gateway to the Klondike goldfields.
The diplomatic significance of Alaska was finally seen in World War II. Alaska became a provision on January 3, 1959.
Luckily it would prove to be a highly successful investment for America, giving access to vast raw elements and a significant diplomatic position on the Pacific coast.
Each year on March 30, locals observe it as “Alaska day.”
During the 19th century Russia, the owner of Alaska, and Britain had been locked in a power conflict known as “the great game,” a proto-cold war which erupted into life once in the 1850s in the Crimean War.
Afraid for that dropping Alaska to Britain in a war would be a national humiliation, the Russians were keen to sell it to another command.
It might seem strange that Russia would wish to surrender such a large territory, but Russia was in the midpoint of economic and cultural turmoil just after the Emancipation of the Serfs in 1861.
As an outcome, they wanted wealth for the mostly undeveloped Alaskan territory rather than risk losing it and further loss the Tsar’s prestige.
America seemed the best option for sale, given its geographical closeness and unwillingness to side with Britain in the case of war.
Given certain factors, the Russian government decided that an American buffer zone on British rule in British Columbia would be perfect, significantly as the Union had just risen victorious from the Civil War now once again taking curiosity in foreign affairs.