Fight Against Diphtheria with Three doses and Two boosters of vaccine by the children

he first dose is given at the first two months of age, and the last amount is given before the age of six.

 Dominica: The first dose is given at the first two months of age, and the last amount is given before the age of six.

Santo Domingo, DR, An infectious disease, Diphtheria, To guarantee immunization against this contagious disease caused the death. Atleast nine children this year caused the death due to Diphtheria. A person needs three doses within six months of birth and two boosters before five or six years to complete the scheduled Vaccination.

Due to DR, this is free of charge as suggested by the public health system in more than 1,000 fixed posts of vaccination throughout the nation. People must bring their children to receive them, to receive the vaccines,

The application will be started through the DPT Vaccine. This contains Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus in a single shot, through the DT, that is, Diphtheria and Pertussis, or through the pentavalent vaccine. It consists of 5 vaccines in one shot and it also contains Hepatitis ‘B’ and Haemophilus influenzae , a bacterium that causes meningococcal disease.

Doctors recommend applying five doses to achieve complete immunization against diphtheria. According to these five doses, three doses within six months of age; a booster at one and a half years age and another one between four and six years of age.

It provides complete immunization against diphtheria by an injected vaccine. It is suggested of getting the first dose at two months of age, next at four months, and another at six months of age. A booster is given within 18 months and another at 4 to 6 years of age. In the adult population, it is applied together with Tetanus.

It is stressed by the Dominican Society of Vaccinology President, Dr Jose Brea del Castillo, the importance of people having their complete vaccination schedules. The massive immunization campaigns should speed up to avoid more death rates, for Diphtheria as well as other immuno- preventable diseases.

With the children, he also recommends vaccination against pneumococcus and rotavirus between 2 and 4 months of age.

Greatly infectious

Diphtheria is an acute virus that is caused by a bacterium, attacks the nose and throat firstly. It starts with sore throat and hoarseness, a thick grey membrane covering the throat and tonsils, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, difficulty breathing or rapid breathing, runny nose, fever, chills, and general malaise.

 Unhygienic

 The risk factors heading diphtheria cases are lack of vaccination, overcrowded environments, and poor hygiene.

It is reannounced that in March 2018, the nationwide panic was generated in a large part of the population, crowded the vaccination posts to be immunized against diphtheria. The case of a four-year-old child coming from Haiti, who entered Dominican territory with symptoms and was later found with the disease.

Time

The Signs and symptoms of diphtheria generally begin within 2-5 days. After infection with the bacterium called Corynebacterium diphtheriae, it spread through the respiratory droplets, such as those produced by coughing or sneezing, from an infected person or from someone who has the bacterium but has no symptoms.

In addition to the search for cases, the Ministry of Public Health authorities has instructed health personnel to promptly report cases to the National Epidemiological Surveillance System and quickly administer diphtheria antitoxin.

 Provincial and Area Health Directorates should carry out additional vaccination campaigns to increase vaccination coverage, identify areas at risk for migrants and vaccinate other high-risk groups (health workers, migrants, adolescents aged 9-15 years).

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