UK: The Duke of Edinburgh was constantly on the side of the Queen and for decades an integral and beloved member of the royal family.
But from his career in the navy to his charitable work and efforts to modernize the monarchy, he left behind his own, very personal legacy.
Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark was born on the island of Corfu in 1921, but had a difficult childhood.
He was just 18 months old when his family was forced to flee their home after a military coup meant it was no longer safe to stay in Greece.
The family was effectively homeless, but eventually settled in Paris, where they rented a family member’s house. But when Philip was eight years old, his mother was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.
Historian Robert Lacey told Sky News: “His mother was then tragically confined to what was then called ‘asylum for the mentally handicapped’.
“It was even more tragic because Philip did not tell what happened to his mother, she just disappeared from his life.”
While his parents divorced, he moved into hostels in Britain and eventually settled on Gordonstoun in Scotland.
Many argued that it was his school days that would shape Philip into the man he became, with an emphasis on the outdoors and teamwork.
Although his military career is sometimes forgotten or overlooked, it was eventful.
When World War II broke out, Philip was first sent to the Indian Ocean and then to the Mediterranean where he served on HMS Valiant.
He was mentioned in dispatches for managing the searchlight during the Battle of Cape Matapan against the Italians.
In 1952 he was promoted to lieutenant at just 31 years old. He was stationed on a ship in Tokyo Bay on the day the Japanese surrendered.
His marriage would really put him at the center of national life. It was before the war began, while training with the navy, that he would meet his future wife.
During a royal visit, he was asked to accompany King George VI and his wife and two daughters, including Princess Elizabeth.
The couple kept in touch during the war by writing letters. While Philip was seen in later years as a loyal and supportive man, some were unsure about their relationship at an early age and did not believe he was the best match for the princess.
In 1947 they were engaged and married in November, encouraged by large crowds while the country celebrated.
When his wife becomes Queen after the death of her father, Prince Philip’s life will change forever. He was expected to give up his naval career, and as a fellow man it was unclear exactly what his role should be.
But he shaped his own path and became a major proponent of British affairs and promoting British industry around the world.
He was also committed to environmental issues. Incredibly, he has supported 800 different charities over the decades, but many believe that the Duke of Edinburgh’s grant scheme was one of his greatest achievements.
Peter Westgarth, head of the plan, said: ‘Three hundred thousand young people are doing this award at the same time and what they are getting is this life-changing experience.
“The duke’s relationship with young people was actually a surprising thing, the way he treated young people when he met them was extraordinary to see.”
The Queen may have been head of state, but it is widely acknowledged that Prince Philip was head of the family.
His children and grandchildren described him as a man to whom everyone feels they can turn.
His daughter, Princess Anne, said: “Many members of the family will always find him a good sounding board. But it is always done very quietly and he will never talk to anyone else about his conversations.”
He was also a constant supporter of his wife. It was Philip who is partly acknowledged as helping to modernize the monarchy and making the family more accessible, encouraging his wife, for example, to visit visitors in the UK and abroad.
The nineties were difficult times for the couple as they saw their children divorce and had to deal with the setback after the death of Princess Diana.
They were widely criticized for staying in Scotland with their grandsons William and Harry and not returning to London. When a woman in the crowd says, ‘Watch out for the young lady,’ Prince Philip seems to be looking back: ‘This is what we did.’
Prince William was said to have been reluctant to walk behind his mother’s coffin, but it was the Duke of Edinburgh who encouraged him to do so and said he would walk with him.
He did not always have the best relationship with the press, nor was he helped by his infamous public gaffes.
In July 2015, he cursed a photographer during a Battle of Britain event – just one of a few moments that garnered attention aak het.
His former private secretary, Miles Hunt-Davis, recalls another occasion: ‘We went to a very high-tech electronics factory in Edinburgh.
‘There above the door in the hallway where we were walking was this fuse box that literally had wires. He looks at it and says, ‘It had to be thrown in by an Indian’ and walks on. It was a joke, of course.’
Those who knew him best will remember him forever for his sense of pleasure. He was said to have a great sense of humor and during garden parties, crowds of people were often seen laughing.
And who could forget that Prince Philip soared during the Diamond Jubilee River competition during the music. The day after he was hospitalized for a bladder infection.
His friend Martin Palmer said the duke was reluctant to admit he was delayed.
“I think it hit him quite hard that he’s actually getting older. But he always joked about dying.
“I do not think he was afraid of dying. I think he was afraid of letting people down,” he said.
Prince Philip was the world who rendered the longest service and for decades an eternal figure at the center of national life.
He was a man who served his country, dedicated to his family and his Queen.
His wife paid her tribute to him at the London Guildhall in 1997 during the Golden Wedding Memorial.
“He’s someone who does not take compliments easily, but he has simply been my strength and abode all these years, and I owe him a greater debt than he would ever claim, or we will never know,” she said.
Inputs from Sky News.